ABSTRACT It is common practice to perform intergranular corrosion testing in accordance with ASTM (1) G28 on solid solution nickel alloys, e.g. UNS N . Alloy 22 is a Ni-Cr-Mo alloy (Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum) and is one of the most versatile corrosion resistant alloys used in industry today. Intergranular Attack Susceptibility For Nickel Alloys.

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Hello everybody, My query is as follows: ISO is specifically for duplex and all austenitic stainless steels, and recommends ageing at two different temperatures:. For an alloy that is not listed, look for an alloy with a similar composition to a listed alloy to determine the most suitable test. Stay Current Sign up for axtm quarterly newsletter covering updates on corrosion.

Y28 to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. The effect of post weld surface treatments on the corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steel welds in sea water Test Samples Samples may be rectangular or cylindrical to suit the test vessel, but where a bend test is required, it is suggested that the sample be a minimum of atsm long.

Publishers Content Coverage Privacy. January 30, – February 2, Where: This must be established independently by specific tests or by service experience.

Alternatively, a welded test-piece in the as-welded condition may be tested. These environments are typically oxidizing and acidic e. Where a bend test is required, the sample must be bent over a mandrel of a diameter related to the specimen diameter, without any cracking, as determined by inspection under a low power microscope and a microsection in any suspicious areas.

The results of such tests are applied widely as acceptance tests for parent and welded h28, and as such are essentially used to confirm the suitability of these materials for service. Methods B and E are suggested for all grades of series austenitic alloys, while method F is suggested for cast type alloys. The precipitation of such chromium-rich or molybdenum-rich particles often carbides usually also leads to regions depleted of Cr or Mo surrounding the precipitates.


The gg28 is a German test, but it is often astj up in European projects.

Problems with corrosion test ASTM G28 – General Corrosion Topics

This document also points out which alloys the tests are intended for, and recommends the most appropriate test when none is specified. These regions will exhibit a lower resistance to the initiation of corrosion in the ASTM tests, and this is where the intergranular corrosion begins.

None of these are identical and cross substitution of results is not possible. Figure 1 shows a sensitized microstructure, where the darker etched grain boundaries have a decoration of precipitates.

ASTM G28 was designed for nickel-based alloys, and a list of applicable alloys for methods A and B is in the standard. NACE International Keywords weldnickel alloystest methodapplicabilitysensitizationintergranular corrosionG28 Downloads 2 in the last 30 days 17 since Show more detail.

ISO is specifically for duplex and all austenitic stainless steels, and recommends ageing at two different temperatures: Warning statements are given in 5. Conducting the Tests F28 a test has been selected, follow the detailed directions in that standard for making up the test solution, the preparation of test samples and the finish to be used. The ASTM G28 test methods A and B are utilized in many industries as quality control tests in order to assess the resistance to intergranular corrosion of various stainless steels and nickel-based alloys, such as Alloy asstm Alloy Advanced search Show search help.

It does not say what to do about duplex or super austenitic alloys.

SEP also gives guidance on which of its methods apply to which alloys: There are a number of recognised tests when it comes to the intergranular corrosion testing of corrosion resistant alloys CRA. It is possible to have grain boundary precipitation without the presence of chromium-depleted zones, and indeed such a microstructure has been shown to be g228 in avoiding intergranular stress corrosion cracking IGSCC in high temperature water in nuclear industry applications, although clearly this cannot be xstm.


This means that carbide formation during welding is highly unlikely, and modern CRAs should easily pass one of these tests. ISO is the most rigorous in terms of defining test methods, and says which alloys should use which test methods as follows: For ferric sulphate – depending on the concentration and temp, it depends on suitabiity. ISO is the most rigorous in terms of defining test methods, and says which alloys should use which test methods as follows:.

Both of these tests should be followed by water quenching. Materials shown to be susceptible may or may not be intergranularly corroded in other environments.

All bend tests require a tensile test machine or similar, with suitable grips and sufficient strength to bend the strongest alloy. Table 1 below shows the various methods for four common standards: As 15 hours ast, a difficult test period in practice, and is only a minimum, conducting the test for 20 hours overnight means that the two tests are equivalent.

More suitable alternatives are offered in Table 5, below. ASTM G28 method B is a y28 aggressive test than method A and is intended for more corrosion resistant alloys, as listed in the document.

This test should be avoided for most CRAs, except in the circumstances described below, in section 4. ASTM G28 does not require zstm to be heat treated. Proceedings of an international conference Subsea Controls and Data Acquisition ‘ Thanks for your answer.