Unit 1. Introduction to IBM System p Servers and AIX system administration Administration II class (Q/AU16) includes a discussion of diagnostics. In the following example, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DTE Window Packet Logical * LU. In the following example of the LINK statement, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DNIC DTE.
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Three-ring a1u6 for 8. The synthesizer control patterns were stored digitally in the computer in short units, mainly as consonant- vowel and vowel-consonant pairs.
Dixon, by then at the T. This line of business developed into modern data processing. During this period, N. Late in the year, additions to the function generator allowed the patterns to be sampled at millisecond intervals and punched into cards for entry into the IBM computer. Amplitude modulation of the noise source to improve naturalness. Contours on the older photocopies have been darkened by hand for better reproduction.
Truby coined the name xu16 for these segments. The patterns were then taped to a transparent, endless mylar belt to be carried past a flying-spot scanner photos.
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Ak16 synthesis approach based on assembling words from stored diphone segments was chosen because of the potential reduction in required computer storage over storing whole words, and the expectation that segment assembly would require less real-time processing than a synthesis by rule method. To solve that problem, formal intelligibility tests were implemented, using naive listeners from a local university. Formant synthesizer implemented with operational amplifiers and controlled by an on-line computer iibm graphic display.
Analysis of the tests suggested which diphones needed to be improved, and which diphones were being confused.
Description and naming of diphones. Dixon, containing examples of sentence synthesis from the function generator, diphone words, and diphone sentences diphone spelling. Test procedures su16 results of intelligibility tests using 64 words from telephone-intercept applications.
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Munster,Basel: Sufficient data has been included with this history to allow diphone synthesis to be reconstructed by simulation. Watson Research Center Assoc. Words time compressed to either or ms. The stored values could then be assembled by the computer in any specified order and the resulting values output to a digital tape. User’s guide for develop- ment text-to-speech system. Aylsworth, “Some effects of list familiarity and synthetic segment familiarity on the intelligibility of PB-words produced by diphone synthesis,” 70th meeting of the Acoust.
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Description of synthesizer, function generator, and diphone synthesis techniques. The long patterns required up to five photocopies, in which the photocopies overlap. One of these techniques was seen to be speech synthesis for language translators, reservation systems, office business systems, and aids for people with impaired vision.
This function generator design was believed to offer improvement in flexibility and ease-of-use over the previous designs for multi-channel function generators using conducting ink see SSSHP UK University College London. Dated Oct 30, to Jan 8, IBM’s use of online interactive processing with graphic xu16 took another decade to develop. A partial control pattern and sound sample.
Installed at the New York Stock Exchange. No record available of text-to-speech. Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project. Notes on original function generator patterns. Diphones were synthesized initially in a meaningful word, but stylized for subsequent use in other allophonic roles by later modification of duration and intonation.
Use of a separate analog synthesizer avoided the computer processing necessary to construct the speech wave, as complete simulations at that time were taking times real time on a large computer, an IBM Use of CID-W22 lists in intelli- gibility testing, effects of word and diphone familiarity, techniques of diphone synthesis, test procedures, results.
I,K Discussion of the theory of diphone construction for multiallophonic roles in continuous speech. Watson Research Center H. Diphone-assembly logic starts on leaf 17 for 12 pages. Goal of text-to-speech using diphone concatenation.
One synthesizer per telephone line. If necessary within about the next years, the esti- mated life of the paper, the electronic diphone library 5B can be reconstructed by scanning the printed pages and using optical character recognition see included Reconstruction notes.
Bythe company name had been changed to International Business Machines Corporation, and a line of business based on a printing calculator had begun to dominate its sales. IBM Confidential, declassified Jan.
Also, the function generator and synthesizer offered immediate response, whereas igm computer simulation would have required overnight processing. Note that the first two patterns have different F0 and F3 scales. Dixon was able to improve the method of diphone segmentation and assembly, but text-to-speech capability jbm not reached. Initial test material was a synthetic version of the Central Institute for the Deaf intelligibility test CID W22, using phonetically-balanced words.
Synthesis was initially seen merely as a method of insuring smooth juncture between stored segments, impossible to do with prerecorded human speech segments.